Global Geology 2017, 20(2) 69-79 DOI:   10.3969/j.issn.1673-9736.2017.02.01  ISSN: 1673-9736 CN: 22-1371/P

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Keywords
syenogranite
zircon U-Pb dating
geochemistry
tectonic setting
Zongwulong Ocean
Niubiziliang
Authors
PubMed

Zircon U-Pb geochronology and geochemistry of syenogranitesin western Niubiziliang, northwestern Qaidam, Qinghai

YU Lu1, SUN Fengyue1, LI Bile1, LI Liang1, LI Ruihua2,3, JIANG Hefang1, WANG Fei1, SHAO Ji4, SHEN Dali4

1. College of Earth Sciences, Jilin University, Changchun 130061, China;
2. MLR Key Laboratory of Metallogeny and Mineral Resources Assessment, Institute of Mineral Resources, Chinese Academyof Geological Sciences, Beijing 100037, China;
3. School of Earth and Space Sciences, Perking University, Beijing 100871, China;
4. Qinghai Nuclear Industrial Geology Bureau, Xining 810008, China

Abstract

The study presents the results of U-Pb dating of zircons and whole-rock geochemical analyses of a syenogranite located in the western Niubiziliang area, China with the aim of determining its formation time, petrogenesis and the regional tectonic setting. Zircons within the syenogranite are euhedral-subhedral and display rhythmic growth zoning, indicating a magmatic origin. Zircon U-Pb data obtained by LA-ICP-MS indicate the syenogranite formed in the Late Permian (260.7±1.5 Ma). The w(SiO2) of syenogranites is 70.82%-73.59%, w(Al2O3) is 13.49%-14.82%, and w(Na2O+K2O) is 7.85%-8.52%, and yield K2O/Na2O ratios of 1.06-1.26. Therefore, the syenogranites belong to the high-K calc-alkaline and metaluminous (A/CNK<1, A/NK>1) series which display I-type granites similarly. The syenogranites also show the geochemical characteristics of volcanic arc rocks, being enriched in large-ion lithophile elements (LILEs; K, Rb) and light rare-earth elements (LREEs; La, Ce, Sm, Nd), but depleted in high field strength elements (HFSEs; Ta, Nb, P, Ti). On the whole, trace element ratios are close to the mean of the Earth's crust, indicating a lower-crust magma source. The low Sr (161-214)×10-6 and Yb (1.08-1.80)×10-6 concentrations indicate that plagioclase and hornblende are residual mineral phases in the source. The regional geology and whole-rock geochemistry suggest that the formation of the syenogranites was related to subduction of the Zongwulong Ocean crust, and the north margin of Qaidam Block during the Late Permian was in an active continental margin tectonic setting.

Keywords syenogranite   zircon U-Pb dating   geochemistry   tectonic setting   Zongwulong Ocean   Niubiziliang  
Received 2016-10-21 Revised 2016-11-25 Online:  
DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1673-9736.2017.02.01
Fund:
Corresponding Authors: SUN Fengyue, E-mail:sfy@jlu.edu.cn
Email: sfy@jlu.edu.cn
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