Global Geology 2015, 18(1) 16-25 DOI:     ISSN: 1673-9736 CN: 22-1371/P

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Tibetan Plateau
volcanic rock
tectonic significance
Qushenla Formation
CHI Xiaoguo
LIU Jianfeng
ZHAO Yuandong
PAN Shiyu
QUAN Jingyu
FAN Lefu and WANG Limin
Article by ZHANG Rui
Article by CHI Xiaoguo
Article by LIU Jianfeng
Article by ZHAO Yuandong
Article by SUN Wei
Article by PAN Shiyu
Article by QUAN Jingyu
Article by FAN Lefu and WANG Limin

Geochemistry and tectonic significance of volcanic rocks from Qushenla Formation in Gerze area of northern Tibetan Plateau

ZHANG Rui, CHI Xiaoguo, LIU Jianfeng, ZHAO Yuandong, SUN Wei, PAN Shiyu, QUAN Jingyu, FAN Lefu and WANG Limin

1. College of Earth Science,Jilin University,Changchun 130061,China; 2. Institute of Geology,Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences,Beijing 100037,China; 3. Shenyang Institute of Geology and Mineral Resources,China Geological Survey,Shenyang 110032,China; 4. Jiangxi Geological Exploration and Exploitation Institute for Nonferrous Metal Ore Deposit,Nanchang 330001,China; 5. Shenyang Tests Research Centre,Northeast China Coal Field Geology Bureau,Shenyang 110016,China


By using petrological,isotope chronological,and geochemical methods,the authors studied the vol- canic rocks in the studied area,mainly including dacites and trachytes. The results show that they formed dur- ing the late Early Cretaceous. Geochemically,the volcanic rocks are relatively enriched in large- ion lithophile elements (Rb,K,and Th) and depleted in high field strength elements (Nb,Ta,and Ti),and rich in light rare earth elements, and depleted in heavy rare earth elements. The fact indicates that the main body of the vol- canic rocks in the Qushenla Formation was derived from the partial melting of lower crust. The lithological as- semblages are characterized by continental high- K calc- alkaline and shoshonitic series,suggesting that the southward- subducting oceanic slab in southern Bangong Lake had break off and that the Bangong Lake- Nujiang Ocean had closed before 107 Ma. The main dynamic mechanisms for the genesis of this set of intermediate- acid- ic volcanic rocks were upwelling of the asthenosphere and partial melting of the lower crust caused by slab break- off.

Keywords Tibetan Plateau   Gaize   volcanic rock   geochemistry   tectonic significance   Qushenla Formation  
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