Global Geology 2009, 12(1) 46-56 DOI:     ISSN: 1673-9736 CN: 22-1371/P

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Self-organizing map
modified competitive learning
supervised classification
remotely sensed data

Extending self-organizing maps for supervised classification of remotely sensed data

CHEN Yongliang

Comprehensive Information Institute of Mineral Resources Prediction, Jilin University, Changchun 130026, China


An extended self-organizingmap for supervised classification is proposed in this paper. Unlike other traditional SOMs, the model has an input layer, a Kohonen layer, and an output layer. The number of neurons in the input layer depends on the dimensionality of input patterns. The number of neurons in the output layer equals the number of the desired classes. The number of neurons in the Kohonen layer may be a few to several thousands, which depends on the complexity of classification problems and the classification precision. Each training sample is expressed by a pair of vectors: an input vector and a class codebook vector. When a training sample is input into the model, Kohonenps competitive learning rule is applied to selecting the winning neuron from the Kohonen layer and the weight coefficients connecting all the neurons in the input layer with both the winning neuron and its neighbors in the Kohonen layer are modified to be closer to the input vector, and those connecting all the neurons around the winning neuron within a certain diameter in the Kohonen layer with all the neurons in the output layer are adjusted to be closer to the class codebook vector. If the number of training samples is sufficiently large and the learning epochs iterate enough times, the model will be able to serve as a supervised classifier. The model has been tentatively applied to the supervised classification of multispectral remotely sensed data. The author compared the performances of the extended SOM and BPN in remotely sensed data classification. The investigation manifests that the extended SOM is feasible for supervised classification.

Keywords Self-organizing map   modified competitive learning   supervised classification   remotely sensed data  
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