世界地质 2017, 36(2) 595-601 DOI:   10.3969/j.issn.1004-5589.2017.02.026  ISSN: 1004-5589 CN: 22-1111/P

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本文关键词相关文章
斜缆
去鬼波
拉东域
最小二乘反演
拓宽频带
本文作者相关文章
PubMed
拉东域基于最小二乘反演的斜缆数据鬼波压制方法
张威1, 韩立国1, 李洪建2, 叶林1, 张齐1
1. 吉林大学地球探测科学与技术学院, 长春 130026;
2. 中国石油化工股份有限公司石油物探技术研究院, 南京 211103
摘要

斜缆采集资料中鬼波的陷频特征限制了地震记录的频带宽度和分辨率,给地震资料反演、解释带来困难。通过压制鬼波,可获得高分辨率的宽频数据。基于拉东域的水平拖缆鬼波压制方法,结合斜缆鬼波随偏移距变化的特点,推导出一次波和鬼波在频率-拉东域的逆变换算子,建立检波器处总波场和海表面处上行波场之间新的关系式,利用最小二乘反演精确求解获得海表面处上行波场,并延拓得到拖缆处鬼波压制后的记录。通过考虑鬼波延迟时间受偏移距和出射角的影响,弥补鬼波延迟时间估计中存在的误差,无需进行反演迭代求取最优鬼波延迟时间,提高了计算效率。合成数据及海上实际斜缆数据测试结果表明,研究方法能较好地压制鬼波,达到拓宽地震记录频带的目的。

关键词 斜缆   去鬼波   拉东域   最小二乘反演   拓宽频带  
De-ghosting of variable-depth streamer data based on least squares inversion in Radon domain
ZHANG Wei1, HAN Li-guo1, LI Hong-jian2, YE Lin1, ZHANG Qi1
1. College of Geo-exploration Science and Technology, Jilin University, Changchun 130026, China;
2. Geophysical Research Institute of SinoPEC, Nanjing 211103, China
Abstract:

The ghost notches limited the frequency bandwidth and resolution of seismic records in variable-depth streamer data, which increase the difficulties of inversion and interpretation of seismic data. By suppressing the ghost, high-resolution broadband data can be obtained. Based on the de-ghosting method of flat-streamer in Radon domain, combining the characteristics of the ghost varied with offset, the authors derive the inverse transform operator for primary wave and ghost wave in frequency-Radon domain and build the new relationship between the total wavefield at the cable and the up-going wavefield at the sea surface. The up-going wavefield at the sea surface can be calculated by the least squares inversion method, and can be extrapolated to obtain the deghosted data at the cable. By considering the influence of emerging angle and offset on the ghost delay time, the error in the ghost delay time estimation is compensated. This method does not need to perform inverse iteration to obtain the optimal ghost delay time, which improves the computational efficiency. Test results on synthetic and field data show that the proposed approach can remove ghost better and broaden the bandwidth of seismic data.

Keywords: variable-depth streamer   de-ghosting   Radon domain   least squares inversion   broaden bandwidth  
收稿日期 2016-09-07 修回日期 2017-03-13 网络版发布日期  
DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1004-5589.2017.02.026
基金项目:

国家高新技术发展规划(“863”计划)主题项目课题(2014AA06A605).

通讯作者: 韩立国(1961),男,教授,博士生导师,主要从事地震数据处理解释研究.E-mail:hanliguo@jlu.edu.cn
作者简介:
作者Email: hanliguo@jlu.edu.cn

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