世界地质 2017, 36(2) 460-473 DOI:   10.3969/j.issn.1004-5589.2017.02.013  ISSN: 1004-5589 CN: 22-1111/P

本期目录 | 下期目录 | 过刊浏览 | 高级检索                                                            [打印本页]   [关闭]
基础地质
扩展功能
本文信息
Supporting info
PDF(6828KB)
[HTML全文]
参考文献[PDF]
参考文献
服务与反馈
把本文推荐给朋友
加入我的书架
加入引用管理器
引用本文
Email Alert
文章反馈
浏览反馈信息
本文关键词相关文章
火山岩
三道湾子金矿床
年代学
地球化学特征
岩石成因
本文作者相关文章
PubMed
黑龙江三道湾子金矿床火山岩-次火山岩年代学、地球化学和地质意义
程琳, 彭晓蕾, 韩吉龙, 任亮, 刘阳
吉林大学地球科学学院, 长春 130061
摘要

三道湾子金矿床位于小兴安岭北麓,是典型的以碲金化合物为主的矿床,为了限定其成矿时代和厘定其成矿地质背景,笔者对同成矿地质体火山岩和成矿期后的玄武粗安玢岩的单颗粒锆石U-Pb年龄和元素地球化学进行测定,获得同成矿地质体粗面英安斑岩及玄武粗安玢岩的206Pb/238U年龄加权平均值分别为(124.2±0.9)Ma(MSWD=0.5,n=18)和(118.9±2.3)Ma(MSWD=0.5,n=6);赋矿围岩为玄武粗安岩与同成矿地质体粗面英安斑岩,SiO2含量为52.75%~62.30 %,K2O和Na2O含量分别为2.02%~2.85%和3.96%~4.24%。里特曼指数(δ)在0.85~3.67之间,属于钙碱性到高钾钙碱性岩系特征;成矿期后脉岩玄武粗安玢岩,SiO2含量为51.53%~52.32%,K2O含量为2.30%~2.36%,Na2O含量为3.78%~4.14%,里特曼指数(δ)在4.05~4.86之间;微量和稀土元素均显示富集大离子亲石元素(Cs、K、Rb、Ba、LREE等),相对亏损高场强元素(Nb、Ta、Zr、Hf等)和HREE,特别是强烈亏损Th、U和Nb、Ta的特征,与岛弧钙碱性玄武岩相似。研究揭示了该矿床形成于早白垩世(124~119 Ma)或晚中生代造山后伸展构造环境,成矿热动源可能是交代大洋性质的岩石圈地幔。

关键词 火山岩   三道湾子金矿床   年代学   地球化学特征   岩石成因  
Geochronology, geochemistry, and geological implications of volcanic-subvolcanic rocks of Sandaowanzi gold deposit in Heilongjiang Province, NE China
CHENG Lin, PENG Xiao-lei, HAN Ji-long, REN Liang, LIU Yang
College of Earth Sciences, Jilin University, Changchun 130061, China
Abstract:

Sandaowanzi gold deposit is a typical gold telluride minerals deposit, located at the northern edge of the Xiao Xing'an range, NE China. In order to reveal the ore-forming geological setting, the authors recently conducted studies on geochronology and geochemistry of volcanic rocks hosting the deposit. The results show that the zircon U-Pb ages of the trachydacite porphyry from the syn ore-forming geological bady and basaltic trachyandesite porphyry from ore-forming rock are (124.2±0.9)Ma (MSWD=0.5, n=18) and (118.9±2.3) Ma(MSWD=0.5, n=6); Volcanic rocks from the basaltic trachyandesite and trachydacite porphyry are high in SiO2 (52.75%~62.30%), and the K2O and Na2O are 2.02%~2.85% and 3.96%~4.24%, respectively; Rittman index (δ) is between 0.85 and 3.67, which belongs to the high-K calc-alkaline to calc-alkaline series; the dike of basaltic trachyandesite porphyry formed after mineralization is with SiO2 of 51.53%~52.32%, K2O of 2.30%~2.36%, Na2O of 3.78%~4.14%, and Rittman index (δ) is between 4.05 and 4.86; these rocks are characterized by enrichment in large ion lithophile elements (LILEs, such as Cs, K, Rb, Ba, and LREEs) and depletion in high field strength elements (HFSEs, such as Nb, Ta, Zr, Hf, and HREEs), especially the features of strong positive Th, U, Nb, and Ta, which is similar to the calc-alkaline island arc basalt. It is concluded that the Sandaowanzi gold deposit formed in the Early Cretaceous (124~119 Ma) or Late Mesozoic post-collision extensional setting. The source may be the oceanic lithosphere mantle, which was mixed with crustal material in magma evolution, and the mineralization is closely related to the Early Cretaceous subalkalic volcanic-rocks.

Keywords: volcanic rocks   Sandaowanzi gold deposit   chronology   geochemical characteristics   petrogenesis  
收稿日期 2016-12-08 修回日期 2017-04-25 网络版发布日期  
DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1004-5589.2017.02.013
基金项目:

国家自然科学基金项目(413904444、41172072)和中国地质调查局项目(DD20160344)联合资助.

通讯作者: 彭晓蕾(1968),女,教授,主要从事矿床学、矿相学研究.E-mail:pengxl@jlu.edu.cn.
作者简介:
作者Email: pengxl@jlu.edu.cn.

参考文献:

[1] Ahmad M, Solomon M, Washe J L. Mineralogical and geochemical studies of the Emperor gold telluride deposit, Fiji[J]. Economic Geology, 1987, 82: 345-370.
[2] Richards J P, Ledlie I. Alkalic intrusive rocks associated with the Mount Kare gold deposit, Papua New Guinea: comparison with the Porgera intrusive complex[J]. Economic Geology, 1993, 88(4): 755-781.
[3] Sillitoe R H. Some metallogenic features of gold and copper deposits related to alkaline rocks and consequences for exploration[J]. Mineralium Deposita, 2002, 37(1): 4-13.
[4] 聂凤军,张辉旭. 碱性火成岩为主岩金矿床研究新进展[J]. 国外矿床地质,1997,14(3) :1-33. NIE Feng-jun, ZHANG Hui-xu. Research progress mainly alkaline igneous rocks of gold deposits[J]. Foreign Ore Deposit Geology, 1997, 14(3): 1-33.
[5] Mutschler F E, Griffin M E, Stevens D S, et al. Precious metal deposits related to alkaline rocks in the North American Cordillera: an interpretive review[J]. South African Journal of Geology, 1985, 88(2): 355-377.
[6] SUN Jing-gui, HAN Shi-jiong, ZHANG Yong, et al. Diagenesis and metallogenetic mechanisms of the Tuanjiegou gold deposit from the Lesser Xing' an Range, NE China: zircon U-Pb geochronology and Lu-Hf isotopic constraints[J]. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 2013, 62(30) : 373-388.
[7] 许虹,余宇星,高燊,等.黑龙江三道湾子金矿一种新的结晶质Au-Te化合物[J].地质通报,2011,30(11):1779-1784. XU Hong, YU Yu-xing, GAO Shen, et al. A new crystalline compounds of Au-Te in Sandaowanzi gold deposit, Heilongjiang Province[J]. Geological Bulletin of China, 2011, 30(11): 1779-1784.
[8] 吕军,岳邦江,王建民,等.黑河市三道湾子金矿床特征及找矿标志[J].地质与资源.2005,14(4):256-260. LÜ Jun, YUE Bang-jiang, WANG Jian-min, et al. Gharacteristics and prospecting indicators of the Sandaowanzi gold deposit in Heihe, Heilongjiang Province[J]. Geology and Resources. 2005, 14(4): 256-260.
[9] 刘宝山,吕军.黑河市三道湾子金矿床地质、地球化学和成因探讨[J].大地构造与成矿学,2006,30 (4):481-485. LIU Bao-shan, LÜ Jun. Geological, geochemical and genetic study of the Sandaowanzi quartz vein-type gold deposit in Heihe City, Heilongjiang Province[J]. Geotectonica et Metallogenia, 2006, 30(4): 481-485.
[10] 腾宪锋,王建民,王翠平,等.黑龙江省黑河市三道湾子岩金矿床地质特征[J].地质与资源,2005,14(4):261-264. TENG Xian-feng, WANG Jian-min, WANG Cui-ping, et al. Geological characteristics of the Sandaowanzi gold deposit in Heihe, Heilongjiang Province[J]. Geology and Resources, 2005, 14(4): 261-264.
[11] Liu J L, Bai X D, Zhao S J, et al. Geology of the Sandaowanzi telluride gold deposit of the northern Great Xing'an Range, NE China: geochronology and tectonic controls[J]. Journal of Asian Earth Science, 2011, 41: 107-118.
[12] 薛明轩.黑龙江省内生金矿成矿作用研究:博士学位论文[D].长春:吉林大学,2012. XUE Ming-xuan. Metallogenesis of endogenic gold deposits in Heilongjiang Province: doctor's degree thesis [D]. Changchun: Jilin University, 2012.
[13] 武子玉,王洪波,徐东海,等.黑龙江黑河三道湾子金矿床地质地球化学研究[J].地质论评,2005,51(3):264-267. WU Zi-yu, WANG Hong-bo, XU Dong-hai, et al. Geological and geochemical studies of the Sandaowanzi gold deposit, Heihe County, Heilongjiang Province[J]. Geological Review, 2005, 51(3): 264-267.
[14] 赵书跃,庞雪娇,李德胜.黑龙江三道湾子金矿含金石英脉与围岩地球化学及地质意义[J].地质与资源,2016,25(2):130-136. ZHAO Shu-yue, PANG Xue-jiao, LI De-sheng. Geochhemical characteristics and geological implication of the quartz veins and wallrocks in the Sandaowanzi gold orefield in Heilongjiang Province[J]. Geology and Resources, 2016, 25 (2): 130-136.
[15] 赵天宇,赵海滨,孙丰月,等.黑龙江三道湾子金矿床同位素年龄对成矿时代的约束[J].中国地质,2013,40(4):1202-1208. ZHAO Tian-yu, ZHAO Hai-bin, SUN Feng-yue, et al. Metallogenic epoch of the Sandaowanzi gold deposit in Heilongjiang Province: constraints from the evidence of isotopic age[J]. Geology in China, 2013, 40(4): 1202-1208.
[16] 宋彪,张玉海,万渝生,等.锆石SHRIMP样品靶制作、年龄测定及有关现象讨论[J].地质论评,2002, 48(增刊):26-30. SONG Biao, ZHANG Yu-hai, WAN Yu-sheng, et al. Mount making and procedure of the SHRIMP dating[J]. Geological Review, 2002, 48(Suppl.): 26-30.
[17] Ludwig K R. Users manual for isoplot: Rev. 2.4[M]. Berkeley: Geochronology Centre Special Publication, 2001: 56.
[18] 吴元保,郑永飞.锆石成因矿物学研究及其对U-Pb年龄解释的制约[J].科学通报,2004,49(16):1589-1604. WU Yuan-bao, ZHENG Yong-fei. Genesis of zircon and its constraints on interpretation of U-Pb age[J]. Chinese Science Bulletin, 2004, 49(16): 1589-1604.
[19] 马芳芳,孙丰月,李碧乐,等.黑龙江东安金矿床锆石U-Pb年龄及其地质意义[J].地质与资源,2012,21(3):277-280. MA Fang-fang, SUN Feng-yue, LI Bi-le, et al. Zircon U-Pb ages of Dongan gold deposit in Heilongjiang Province: geological implication[J]. Geology and Resources, 2012, 21(3): 277-280.
[20] 王永彬,刘建明,孙守恪,等.黑龙江省乌拉嘎金矿赋矿花岗闪长斑岩锆石U-Pb年龄、岩石成因及其地质意义[J].岩石学报,2012,28(2):557-570. WANG Yong-bin, LIU Jian-ming, SUN Shou-ke, et al. Zircon U-Pb geochronology, petrogenesis and geological implication of ore-bearing granodiorite porphyry in the Wulaga gold deposit, Heilongjiang Province[J]. Acta Petrologica Sinica, 2012, 28(2): 557-570.
[21] 华仁民,毛景文.试论中国东部中生代成矿大爆发[J].矿床地质,1999,18(4):300-307. HUA Ren-min, MAO Jing-wen. A preliminary discussion on the Mesozoic metallogenic explosion in East China[J]. Mineral Deposits, 1999, 18(4): 300-307.
[22] Lightfoot P C, Hawkesworth C J, Sethna S F. Petrogenesis of rhyolites and trachytes from the Deccan Trap: Sr, Nd and Pb isotope and trace element evidence[J]. Contributions to Mineralogy and Petrology, 1987, 5(1): 44-54.
[23] Panter K S, Kyle P R, Smellie J L. Petrogenesis of a phonolite-trachyte succession at Mount Sidley, Marie Byrd Land, Antarctica[J]. Journal of Petrology, 1997, 38(9): 1225-1253.
[24] Mingram B, Trumbull R B, Littman S, et al. A petrogenetic study of anorogenic felsic magmatism in the Cretaceous Paresis ring complex, Namibia: evidence for mixing of crust and mantle-derived components[J]. Lithos, 2000, 54(1/2): 1-22.
[25] Bohrson W A, Reid M R. Genesis of silicic peralkaline volcanic rocks in an ocean island setting by crustal melting and open-system processes: Socorro Island, Mexico[J]. Journal of Petrology, 1997, 38(9): 1137-1166.
[26] 苟军.满洲里南部中生代火山岩的时代、成因及构造背景:博士学位论文[D].长春:吉林大学,2013. GOU Jun. Geochronology, petrogenesis and tectonic setting of Mesozoic volcanic rock, southern Manzhouli area, Inner Mongolia: doctor's degree thesis[D]. Changchun: Jilin University, 2013.
[27] 尹志刚,赵海滨,赵寒冬,等.大兴安岭北端塔木兰沟组玄武质岩石的地球化学特征及构造背景[J].地质通报,2005,24(9):848-853. YING Zhi-gang, ZHAO Hai-bin, ZHAO Han-dong, et al. Geochemical characteristics and tectonic setting of basaltic rocks of the Tamulangou Formation at the northern end of the Da Hinggan Mountains China[J]. Geological Bulletin of China, 2005, 24(9): 848-853.
[28] 赵忠华,孙德有,苟军,等.满洲里南部塔木兰沟组火山岩年代学与地球化学[J].吉林大学学报:地球科学版,2011,41(6):1866-1880. ZHAO Zhong-hua, SUN De-you, GOU Jun, et al. Chronology and geochemistry of volcanic rock in Tamulangou Formation from southern Manchuria, Inner-Mongolia[J]. Journal of Jilin University: Earth Science Edition, 2011, 41(6): 1866-1880.
[29] 李昌年.构造岩浆判别的地球化学方法及其讨论[J].地质科技情报,1992,11(3):73-78. LI Chang-nian. A geochemical method for tectono magmatic discrimination[J]. Geological Science and Technology Information, 1992, 11(3): 73-78.
[30] 孙景贵,胡受奚,凌洪飞.胶东金矿区高钾-钾质脉岩地球化学与俯冲-壳幔作用研究[J].岩石学报,2000,16(3):401-412. SUN Jing-gui, HU Shou-xi, LING Hong-fei. Study on the geochemistry and subduction-crust mantle interaction of the high potassium-potassium dike rocks in gold deposits concentration zone of East Shandong, China[J]. Acta Petrologica Sinica, 2000, 16(3): 401-412.
[31] 李昌年.火成岩微量元素岩石学[M].武汉:中国地质大学出版社,1992:1-195. LI Chang-nian. Igneous petrology of trace element[M]. Wuhan: China University of Geosciences Press, 1992:1-195.
[32] Pearce J A. Role of the sub-continental lithosphere in magma genesis at active continental margins[C]//Hawkesworth C J, Norry M J. Continental Basalts and Mantle Xenoliths, Nantwich, 1983: 230-249.
[33] Saunders A D, Tarney J. Origin of MORB and chemically depleted mantle reservoirs: trace element constraints[M]. Journal of Petrology, Special Lithosphere Issue, 1988: 425-445.
[34] Weaver B L. The origin of ocean island basalt end-member compositions: trace element and isotopic constraints[J]. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 1991, 104(2/4): 381-397.
[35] 韩世炯.小兴安岭北麓晚中生代浅成热液金矿系统的岩浆流体作用与金成矿研究:博士学位论文[D].长春:吉林大学,2013. HAN Shi-jiong. Research on magmatic fluids and gold mineralization of the Late Mesozoic epithermal gold system in the northern lesser Xing'an Range: doctor's degree thesis [D]. Changchun: Jilin University, 2013.
[36] Defant M J, Drummond M S. Derivation of some modern arc magma by melting of young subducted lithosphere[J]. Nature, 1990, 347: 662-665.
[37] Defant M J, Drumrnond M S. Mount St. Heles: potential example of the partial melting of the subducted lithosphere in a volcanic arc[J]. Geology, 1993, 21: 547-550.
[38] 马家骏,方大赫.黑龙江省中生代火山岩初步研究[J].黑龙江地质,1991,2(2):1-16. MA Jia-jun, FANG Da-he. The Mesozoic volcanic rocks in the preliminary study in Heilongjiang Province[J].Heilongjiang Geology, 1991, 2(2): 1-16.
[39] 葛文春,林强,孙德有,等.大兴安岭中生代玄武岩的地球化学特征:壳幔相互作用的证据[J].岩石学报,1999,15(3):396-406. GE Wen-chun, LIN Qiang, SUN De-you, et al. Geochemical characteristics of the Mesozoic basalts in Da Hinggan Ling: evidence of the mantle-crust interaction[J]. Acta Petrologica Sinica, 1999, 15(3): 396-406.
[40] 邵济安,张履桥,牟保磊.大兴安岭中生代伸展造山过程中的岩浆作用[J].地学前缘,1999,6(4):339-346. SHAO Ji-an, ZHANG Lü-qiao, MU Bao-lei. Magmatism in the mesozoic extending orogenic process of Da Hinggan Mts[J]. Earth Science Frontiers, 1999, 6(4): 339-346.
[41] 吴福元,曹林.东北亚地区的若干重要基础地质问题[J].世界地质,1999,18(2):1-13. WU Fu-yuan, CAO Lin. Some important problems of geology in northeastern Asia[J]. Global Geology, 1999, 18(2): 1-13.
[42] 刘俊来,Gregory A D,纪沫,等.地壳的拆离作用与华北克拉通破坏:晚生代伸展构造约束[J].地学前缘,2008,15(3):72-81. LIU Jun-lai, Gregory A D, JI Mo, et al. Crustal detachment and destruction of the North China craton: constraints from Late Mesozoic extensional structures[J]. Earth Science Frontiers, 2008, 15(3): 72-81.
[43] 刘俊来,纪沫,夏浩然,等.华北克拉通晚中生代壳-幔拆离作用:岩石流变学约束[J].岩石学报,2009,25(8):1819-1829. LIU Jun-lai, JI Mo, XIA Hao-ran, et al. Crustal-mantle detaehment of the North China craton in Late Mesozoic: rheological constraints[J]. Acta Petrologica Sinica, 2009, 25(8): 1819-1829.
[44] 杨继权,王秀琴,刘殿生,等.黑龙江省大地构造单元划分及特征[J].世界地质,2007,26(4):427-434. YANG Ji-quan, WANG Xiu-qin, LIU Dian-sheng, et al. Division and characters of geotectonic unit of Heilongjiang Province[J]. Global Geology, 2007, 26(4): 427-434.
[45] Liu J L, Bai X D, Zhao S J, et al. Geology of the Sandaowanzi telluride gold deposit of the northern Great Xing'an Range, NE China: geochronology and tectonic controls[J]. Journal of Asian Earth Science, 2011, 41: 107-118.

本刊中的类似文章
1. 梁树能, 李光辉, 孙景贵, 陈冬, 逄伟, 常艳.黑龙江五星铜镍、铂钯矿床镁铁质杂岩的元素地球化学特征与岩石成因[J]. 世界地质, 2009,28(1): 28-36
2. 王枫, 许文良, 李军, 裴福萍, 曹花花.吉林中部烟筒山早白垩世辉长闪长岩的年代学和地球化学[J]. 世界地质, 2009,28(4): 403-413
3. 毕明丽, 路来君, 宋茂德, 袁平.新疆戛勒赛地区地球化学特征及指示意义[J]. 世界地质, 2009,28(1): 60-67
4. 白雪峰.松辽盆地营城组火山岩储层裂缝特征[J]. 世界地质, 2009,28(3): 318-325
5. 舒萍, .松辽盆地徐深气田火山岩气藏相态与渗流机理[J]. 世界地质, 2010,29(1): 83-89
6.陈宣华, 董树文, 史静.地质年代学发展历史的简要回顾及前景[J]. 世界地质, 2009,28(3): 384-396
7.施宪,王冬艳,李月芬,靳克,郭珍.吉林西部锰、钼元素土壤地球化学特征[J]. 世界地质, 2010,29(2): 256-261
8. 刘莉, 杨言辰, 杨兆武, 韩世炯.黑龙江穆棱砍椽沟钼铜矿床地质与地球化学特征[J]. 世界地质, 2010,29(3): 413-418
9. 金鑫, 葛文春, 薛云飞, 金玉东.松辽盆地林深3 井火山岩的锆石U--Pb 年龄与Hf 同位素组成[J]. 世界地质, 2011,30(1): 7-17
10. 宿晓静, 卿敏, 王可勇, 王艳忠, 张景海, 程军.黑龙江金厂金矿床J0 号矿体地球化学特征及其找矿[J]. 世界地质, 2011,30(1): 28-33
11.杨乃峰,高波,赵玉林,孙珍军,李超.小兴安岭二龙山林场堆晶辉长岩地球化学特征及构造环境[J]. 世界地质, 0,(): 180-185
12.杨明春,刘永江,韩国卿,王长兵,温泉波,赵英利,梁琛岳,米晓楠.内蒙古伊敏地区下石炭统红水泉组砂岩物源分析及其构造意义[J]. 世界地质, 2011,30(2): 192-207
13.杨乃峰,高波,赵玉林,孙珍军,李超.小兴安岭二龙山林场堆晶辉长岩地球化学特征及构造环境[J]. 世界地质, 2011,30(2): 180-185
14. 苏巍, 张春芬.火山岩地震响应特征的正演模拟[J]. 世界地质, 2011,30(3): 429-438
15. 唐杰, 许文良, 王枫, 高福红, 曹花花.张广才岭帽儿山组双峰式火山岩成因: 年代学与地球化学证据[J]. 世界地质, 2011,30(4): 508-520

Copyright by 世界地质